( 1 ) Stock options

Many stocks in the U.S. stocks have corresponding options ( Options ), with one-month expiration, two-month expiration, one-year expiration, etc. There are also differences in prices. Options are divided into long options ( Call ) and short options ( Put ). For investors, buying short options ( Put ) or selling long options ( Call ) is also a way of shorting. Compared with short selling, this operation requires less capital.

( 2 )Short ETF , ETN

There are also many short ETFs and ETNs in the US stock market . ETF stands for trading open-end index fund, similar to mutual funds. US stock ETFs generally track indexes, industries, a certain commodity or a combination of a series of assets, etc., and promise to provide investors with returns similar to those of the tracking target. ETF trading operations are basically the same as stocks.

ETN is also a financial instrument that tracks the corresponding asset portfolio, but it is essentially a debt and does not guarantee capital. Most US stock ETNs track investment targets other than stocks.

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